Vaccination for Your Dog

Rabies ***Human Risk***

  1. Rabies is a virus that attacks the central nervous system. It can cause a variety of symptoms which can affect behavior, coordination and swallowing.
  2. Rabies affects mammals, including wildlife, pets and humans. In our area bats are the most common carrier of rabies. An unvaccinated dog that has been exposed to rabies can in turn, expose his/her owner to the virus. The virus is transmitted from a rabid animal’s blood or saliva through bite wounds or broken skin.
  3. Rabies infected animals can transmit the virus before showing any signs of disease.

Canine Distemper Virus

  1. This virus causes respiratory, digestive and nervous system disease in dogs.
  2. Fatality rate is extremely high, and no effective treatments exist.
  3. While this is a highly contagious disease, existing vaccines offer an extremely high level of protection.

Canine Parvo Virus

  1. This virus is very common and widespread.
  2. The virus causes extensive damage to the lining of the bowel leading to profuse vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration and blood loss into the bowel. The virus also damages bone marrow, leaving dogs unable to produce white blood cells to help fight the infection or red blood cells to replace the large amounts lost into the bowel. Less commonly, the virus can infect heart muscle and lead to heart disease.
  3. The virus is shed in feces of infected dogs. Parvo is a very hardy virus and remains viable and infective in the environment for more than a year after it is shed. It is easily transmitted to new areas by people’s shoes or other objects.
  4. Due to the severe nature of the disease, fatality rates are very high, especially among young puppies and among certain breeds, such as Rottweilers, Dobermans and Pit Bulls. Attempts to treat the virus involve very aggressive treatment in hospital, often for several days, and are not always successful.
  5. The best vaccines available today provide very good protection, but unvaccinated dogs remain at high risk until at least 3-4 weeks after they are completely finished their initial vaccines series.

Canine Infectious Hepatitis (Canine Adenovirus 1)

  1. Canine Adenovirus 1 (CAV 1) is spread through dog urine.
  2. This virus causes liver disease, eye damage and respiratory disease. Infection can be fatal
  3. Protection is provided by vaccinating for a closely related virus, CAV 2

Canine Parainfluenza Virus

  1. Parainfluenza virus is involved in many cases of upper respiratory disease, often in association with other infective organisms.
  2. Signs of infection include a hacking cough, nasal discharge, and occasionally fever.


  1. Caused by a bacteria, Bordetella bronchiseptica.
  2. This bacteria is frequently a contributing cause in upper respiratory disease, often in association with other organisms.
  3. Signs include a hacking cough, nasal discharge, and occasionally fever.

Vaccines for both Parainfluenza and Bordetellosis are helpful in preventing infection. Risk of exposure and infection with these and other upper respiratory infectious agent’s increases with an increasing exposure to other dogs.